Computer networks, systems, and data need to be protected from unauthorized access, modification, or disclosure. The general purpose of securing networks and data is to uphold integrity and confidentiality. In the current digital age, individuals and organizations are increasingly using the Internet. With this comes a higher risk of data breach and access by unauthorized individuals such as hackers.
What is IT Security?
IT security entails securing computer systems from malware and unauthorized access. With advances in technology, computer systems are increasingly under threat from cyber criminals and viruses. Common threats that IT managers may encounter include ransom ware, phishing attacks, and malware. IT security is akin to a digital lock, which deters these threats besides preventing unauthorized persons from accessing confidential information such as credit card numbers and bank accounts.
The objective of IT security is to enhance the availability, confidentiality, and integrity of computer systems. In doing so, sensitive data will only be made available to authorized individuals. A foolproof security system equally prevents the unauthorized alteration of data.
Besides deterring attackers, a good IT security infrastructure should have the ability to mitigate any vulnerabilities in computer systems. In case of an attack, the security infrastructure put in place should equally be able to minimize the impact of the attack through the application of relevant defense mechanisms.
Improving Your Network & IT Security
A company’s data and network systems are just as valuable as its physical assets. Since the intention of cyber attackers ranges from making profits or just personal gratification, there is great importance in putting in place a rock-solid data network and IT security system. This can be achieved through the following ways:
- Creating a Workplace Network Security Policy: A clear and comprehensive policy can go a long way in improving a company’s network security. This is because it provides clear guidance pertaining to who can access the networks, and the privileges and limitations that come with such access. A good policy ought to revolve around identifying crucial data assets, and how they can be secured.
- Establishing a Fool-Proof Password Strategy: It is equally advisable to use relatively complex passwords, which need to be changed at least once every three months. Those tasked with this responsibility should simple passwords since hackers can easily deploy softwares to override such passwords and access the systems.
- Implementing a Secure Backup Plan: This needs to be part of any IT security strategy. Secure backups go a long way in preventing total data loss, more so in the event of an accidental file deletion. In addition, a proper backup can enable companies to survive cyber blackmail. Store the backup data in a remote but secure location far from a company’s primary base of operations to protect it from both cyber threats and physical threats.
- Updating Networks Regularly: After securing all network access points using strong passwords, IT managers need to make a deliberate effort to make their networks safe from other hazardous attacks. Typically, cybercriminals prefer attacking old versions of softwares due to the presence of loopholes. To avoid this, operating systems, device drivers, firmware and antivirus in all endpoint devices should be regularly updated.
Network & IT Security Service Providers
To guarantee the security of a computer system systems, it is advisable to partner with a reputable network security service provider. These companies typically charge a monthly fee and in return protect apps, data, and systems from threats and attacks. Services offered by these firms include Cloud Access Security Brokerage, Single Sign-On, Email Security, Website and App Security, and Network Security.
Notable vendors include Palerra, Okta, Proofpoint, White Hat Security, and Qualys. With more organizations incorporating cloud computing in their operations, the scope of services offered by these service providers is likely to expand in coming years. By choosing a trusted vendor to offer protection to their systems, it is easier to overcome common vulnerabilities without draining the available IT resources.